China

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中国铁路

Zhōngguó Tiělù

These pictures are from May 2005 and February 2008 on various trips between Suzhou, Shanghai and Hangzhou. As I had little to no time to take pictures, please excuse me for the quality of the pictures.
chinesisches Vorsignal Distant signal.
See also Chinese colour light signals and Chinese semaphore signals
Vorsignaltafel Post plate for the above signal. The characters say 下行预告 (xià xíng yù gaò), literally "next movement advance notice", so this post plate identifies it as a distant signal (thanks to Judy for this translation!).
Ankündigungssignal This may be an exit signal announcer, but I am not sure.
chntes.jpg (61819 Byte) Entry signal announcer
chntel.jpg (80508 Byte) Switch-Off announcing signal on fast line: Expect a switch-off signal

 

chntnt.jpg (67084 Byte) Don't stop on next 29m.

I saw this board usually mounted before catenary tensioners. The character 停 (Tíng) means "Stop"

chntsh1.jpg (86324 Byte) A loco is passing a shunting signal at clear (Chinese signals are mounted to the left of the track)
chntsh0.jpg (184518 Byte) After the loco has passed, the signal changes to stop.
chntsh2.jpg (89977 Byte) The red board behind the buffer is a line blocked signal and looks very similar to it German counterpart, the Sh 2 board.
Rangiersignal Shunting signals
Steigungsmerker Gradient marker
Fahrkarte Train ticket. Click image for details and explanation
Einsteigen bitte! Boarding a hard seater to Shanghai in the station of Suzhou
Hard Seater Hard seater. Chinese trains come in four classes: Hard seater, soft seater, hard sleeper, soft sleeper.

Despite the name of the hard seater, there is a definite chance of not getting a seat...

Soft Seater Soft seater. With a ticket there is a seat reservation, so you have a chance of getting a seat...
Peking - Suzhou Train destination boards